This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. You see, mustard has been used for two things, as a tonic, and secondly as a purging agent. They are covered with hairs or bristles at the base, but on the stem smoother. Brassica L. – mustard : Species: Brassica nigra (L.) W.D.J. The plant leaves were also pickled in vinegar. Indian mustard (Engl.) Black Mustard/ True Mustard. English: brown mustard; mustard (black); mustard (brown); mustard (red); red mustard The colour adjective black (Old English blæc) is unique to English; it derives from a Proto-Indo– European root BʰEL burn that, quite confusingly, also gave rise to bleach (Old English blǣcan), where the common concept seems to be the lack of true colour, and blue (see white mustard and blue fenugreek for further related colour names). Scientific names : Common names: Brassica argyi H.Lév. Some ingenious person discovered that when heavy meats were served with mustard, the indigestion did not happen, and the custom of serving them with a wipe of the yellow stuff, or really brown stuff, came to pass. , It is found in North Africa, within Algeria, Egypt, Eritrea, Libya, Ethiopia, Morocco and Tunisia. The leaves are laid on skin afflictions, the seed seen as a speedy treatment for liver and spleen complaints. The Pine Ridge Association. The scientific name of field mustard is Brassica rapa subsp oleifera. Ipomoea hederacea. Scientific name: Rubus occidentalis 41 Chicken mushroom. In 1475 Bjornsson had this to say about our favorite relish, cadlock as it was known to many at the time, “mustard whets a man’s wits, and it loosens the belly, breaks the stones, and purges the urine, if one eats mustard, that strengthens the stomach and lessens its sickness. The Latin specific epithet nigra is derived from the Latin word for black. with mustard one may cauterize.”, In 1820 The Materia Medica Edinburgh goes on to say, “a general stimulant, the flur of mustard forms what is called a sinapisne when mixed with equal parts of wheat flour or crumbs of bread, which acts as a powerful rubefacient applied to the soles of the feet in typhoid fever where there is extreme debility.”. , In Ethiopia, where it is cultivated as a vegetable in Gondar, Harar and Shewa, the shoots and leaves are consumed cooked and the seeds used as a spice. And, by grinding and mixing them with water, vinegar, or other such liquids, can be turned into a condiment also known as mustard . The plants form thick luscious stems delicate and tender unlike any green grown in the western garden. The name "mustard" is given to various species, the most common being white mustard (Sinapis alba L.), black mustard (Brassica nigra Koch) and Indian or leaf mustard (Brassica juncea Coss. Black mustard (Sinapis nigra) is an herb found over the whole of Europe , excepting the extreme north. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Convolvulus arvensis. Main flower color: Yellow. Crushed mustard in vinegar heals vipers bite. That’s how my imagination works anyhow. Common name(s): Tumble mustard, tall mustard Scientific name: Sisymbrium altissimum Family: Mustard family (Brassicaceae) Reasons for concern: This plant spreads easily because it will break off at ground level and tumble across the landscape, scattering seeds for miles. Calflora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation. The Welsh “Meddygon Myddfai” of the thirteenth century, commends the “Virtues of Mustard.” Household recipes of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries constantly mention mustard under the name senapium. black mustard. Brassica japonica (Thunb.) When you see the word mustard what usually comes to mind is the yellow stuff that gets plastered on a bun before the hot dog is seated in the middle. Another mustard, brassica kalber, or charlock, field mustard, kedluck, shellick, hevuck or field kale, is also used as a spring green. Since the 1950s, black mustard has become less popular as compared to brown mustard, because some cultivars of brown mustard have seeds that can be mechanically harvested in a more efficient manner. In the South of the United States mustard still factors into home curing of head colds. “It is given with good success in like manner to such as be short winded, and are stopped in the breast with tough flegme from the head and brain.” Gerard has hit on a rather interesting use of mustard that has been lost, in the treatment of colds, perhaps one of the oldest uses. Mustasa (Tag.) The same yellow paper smeared with tallow and ground mustard applied to the temples was used to break up a bad head cold. Ground mustard, derived from the powdered mustard seed, is known as mustard flour. Grannyvine. Whereas most Westerners are accustomed to getting their dose of mustard in the bottle, in Asia mustard is eaten in the paste form and also equally in the green state. If you think that your animal is ill or may have ingested a poisonous substance, contact your local veterinarian or our 24-hour emergency poison hotline directly at 1-888-426-4435. In the country side of the United States the spring greens of the mustard gone wild are gathered as a spring tonic herb, being one of the first to spring up at the first hint of warmth. Another resident suggested that eating mustard on Good Friday would definitely cause consumption, go figure. (or Deutschlands Flora) ed.3 on page 713 in 1833. The leaf and seeds are packed with volatile oils that have shown strong anti-microbial influences, wiping out bacteria and fungi. Within Asia it is found in Afghanistan, Armenia, the Caucasus, China (in the provinces of Gansu, Jiangsu, Qinghai, Xinjiang and Xizang), Cyprus, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Kazakhstan, Lebanon, Syria and Turkey. Kochia scoparia Brassica hirta, also known as pale mustard, kedlick, white mustard, is a popular spring green throughout much of the United States . Ipomoea purpurea. This became later "moutarde", now called mustard in English. Brassica nigra – black mustard, another mustard variety; Brassica rapa – related family of edible greens used in Asian cooking; Brassica carinata – Ethiopian mustard; For other edible plants in the family Brassicaceae, see cruciferous vegetables. From Utah a cure for a cold included three parts mustard, two parts cornstarch and water, the grandmother that laid this one on us insists that if you drink this it will absolutely cure any cold you might have. White mustard (Sinapis alba) seems to be indigenous to the southern countries of Europe and Western Asia, from which, according to Chinese authors, it was introduced into China . Preferred Scientific Name. This is also an effective treatment for paralysis. Common name. The dried, ripe seed is used commercially. Its Amharic name is senafitch. These distinctive chemicals give these plants more than an identifiable smell, they make these foods super healthy. Everybody around the world makes mustard, and each and every culture adds its own touch to the mixture. Siebold ex. Pregnant women should always consult first with a health care professional before taking any treatment. This poultice was put on the chest or the back and left until the person felt a stinging sensation. The plant that produces the mustard plant and the mustard seed is a relation of cabbage and broccoli, a member of the family that’s gotten so much press as being anti-cancer. Chew on twigs. Commercial mustard is usually made from the seeds of the black mustard (B. nigra) mixed with vinegar. This is, in fact, mustard, the very substance that could save your life. Aside from colds, mustard has been considered the plant par excellence in treating a bad dose of the rheumatiz, otherwise known as achy bones and general fatigue, sometimes associated with age but not necessarily. The English immigrants that ended up in Appalachia have been quite good at maintaining their English past, and the plant is still called warlock in many places. The epithet “nigra” means black and refers to the color of the mustard seed. The yellow stuff that comes in bottles with squeeze holes is the ground seed of the black mustard seed, usually mixed with vinegar and a host of secret ingredients. The French make their mustard with whole berries and white wine vinegar, the Chinese make theirs with rice wine vinegar, and the Americans make theirs with artificial flavorings, preservatives and yellow dye. Single or mixed white, black, or brown mustard seeds are the main types.  For the wellness buff, its good to know that these chemicals have been proven to preserve health in a number of ways, they prevent cancer, infection, and more. Ground seeds of the plant mixed with honey are widely used in eastern Europe as cough suppressant. Chromosome number: 2n=16 . Please refer to the Henry W. Coe State Park page on California State Parks website for the latest news on park restrictions and closures. In eastern Europe, it is found within Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine. Common Name: Black Mustard. 21 baby; 45 full size Select Packet $4.95 1 Ounce $7.80 1/4 Pound $16.10 1 Pound $47.25 5 Pounds $223.00 25 Pounds $1,037.50 Once again, preventative medicine.  This oil is used often as cooking oil in India, it is called "sarson ka tel". Mustard greens add just the right amount of zing to dishes, and they’re easy-as-pie to raise. Brown mustard (Engl.) Mustard, any of several herbs belonging to the mustard family of plants, Brassicaceae (Cruciferae), or the condiment made from these plants’ pungent seeds. Did it materialize with the growth of Madison Avenue? Disclaimer: The author makes no guarantees as to the the curative effect of any herb or tonic on this website, and no visitor should attempt to use any of the information herein provided as treatment for any illness, weakness, or disease without first consulting a physician or health care provider. Scientific Name: Brassica Nigra. Scientific name: Laetiporus sulphureus 42 Sassafras tree trunk. The simple wisdom then was that heavy meats were hard to digest and often lead to indigestion, or pains in the gut. The Plants Database includes the following 19 species of Brassica . It also abounds in Northern Africa, Asia Minor, the Caucasian region, Western India, Southern Siberia, and China , as well as in North and South America , where it is now naturalized. Brassica. Common name: Black mustard. The mustard plant belongs to a very important plant family that includes cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, radishes, collards, kale, brussels sprouts, and turnips. Constipation is an ugly experience, and in the Tennessee hills every mother has a number of tricks under her sleeve to get the elimination process speeding along. A spice is generally made from ground seeds of the plant, with the seed coats removed. shortpod mustard. 35 Small garlic mustard. Now leaf mustard is a mustard that has been developed for use as a salad and cooking green, the most famous being the indian mustard green grown extensively in the South. On the island of Curacao , the leaves rather than the seeds of the mustard plant are crushed and made into a paste, which is bound under the soles of the feet to draw out fever. Matsum. Brassica L. – mustard. Brassica nigra (L.) W.D.J. Remember, the liver is one organ we want to keep as fit as a fiddle. garlic mustard This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … Sinapsis integrifolia (H.West) Rupr. Brassica nigra (black mustard), Sully Island, Vale of Glamorgan. The flowers have four yellow petals, which are twice as long as the sepals. Cultivars of some mustards have been developed for oil, seasoning, and fodder. Fl." The seeds have a dark redish color to them. Next time somebody pulls all your hair out, just get the mustard bottle out and smear some on your head. Brassica sinapoides Roth (1830) Sinapis incana Thuill. In Eastern Canada, the use of mouche de moutarde to treat respiratory infections was popular before the advent of modern medicine. In southeastern Europe, within Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia and Slovenia. It consisted in mixing ground mustard seeds with flour and water, and creating a cataplasm with the paste. Hey, next time you have the mustard out for a sandwich, take your shoes and socks off, and smear some on the bottom of your feet, put them up for a spell, and be cured. Scientific name: Betula lenta ... Scientific name: Rubus occidentalis 40 Black raspberry closeup. , Black mustard is thought to be the seed mentioned by Jesus in the Parable of the Mustard Seed.. Formerly it was not distinguished from black mustard. Class B noxious weeds Common name Scientific name Black mustard Brassica nigra Branched broomrape Orobanche ramosa Bull thistle Cirsium vulgare Camelthorn Alhagi maurorum (A. pseudalhagi) Dalmatian toadflax Linaria dalmatica (L genistifolia v. dalmatica) Diffuse knapweed Centaurea diffusa Chapter from “Thirty Plants That Can Save Your Life”. Very slow bolting, broadleaf mustard. Family: Mustard (Brassicaceae) Scientific name: Brassica nigra. In middle Europe, it is in Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia and Switzerland. It also abounds in Northern Africa, Asia Minor, the Caucasian region, Western India, Southern Siberia, and China , as well as in North and South America , where it is now naturalized. A tablespoon of white mustard seed mingled with syrup, and taken once a day, will act gently on the bowels and is a beneficial remedy in dyspepsia and constipation.”. I must say I would never have thought to use mustard on anything but on corned beef. Fountain grass Pennisetum setaceum . The members of the genus are informally known as cruciferous vegetables, cabbages, or mustard plants. In Asia the leaf mustards are much more widely used, but we will get to that later. However, cultivars that escape hybridize readily with wild types.  This is due to the black seeds. “The seed of Thlafpi or treacle mustard eaten, purgeth colour both upward and downward, provoketh fleurs, and breaketh inward aposthumes.” The mustard brings healthy color to the body, and this thought is consistent worldwide. An old European country cure for debility or falling apart of the body. The mother’s recommendation is to take one tablespoon once a day. “The seed of mustard pounded with vinegar, is an excellent sauce, good to be eaten with any gross meats either fish or flesh, because it doth help digestion, warmeth the stomach, and provoketh appetite.” Did you ever wonder where this idea of putting mustard on a sandwich came from? Brassica juncea (brown or Indian mustard-plant), and Brassica nigra (black mustard seed plant), all three of which produce small mustard seeds that are widely used as spices. There is such an extensive array of forms of mustard that different mustards are eaten in different seasons. Kochia. One can sample this treat at the Chinese restaurant in a pork and mustard green soup, as it is called. You either love them or hate them. In early times it seems to have been used more as a medicine than as a condiment; but 300 b.c. Genus. So the next time you get yourself all worked into a frenzy and feel that special kind of body tired that comes on before a cold sets in, fill the spaghetti pan with hot water and freshly ground mustard, and set the feet down for a spell and keep them there. They also lend themselves to … ).Mustard is cultivated for its seeds which yield oils and are used to make a condiment. black mustard Scientific Name Brassica nigra Family Mustard Flower Color Yellow Plant Type Forb Introduced Yes Native No Weed Yes Black mustard belongs to the same genus as cabbage and turnips. Here’s one of my favorite uses of mustard, also coming from our friend Gerard, ” It helpeth those that have their hair pulled off ; it taketh away the blew and black marks that come of bruisings.” It seems that in Gerard’s day people must have gotten into a good hair pull here and there, to an extent he offers a treatment for the resulting hairlessness. Mustard poultice could also be used to aid muscular pains.. There are two distinct species of black mustard. By the way, mustard is not naturally yellow, and mustard that is bright yellow is colored with something that probably isn’t necessary for bodily health. Ipomoea tricolor. Scientific name. It is native to tropical regions of North Africa, temperate regions of Europe, and parts of Asia. The mustard has many symbolic representations in literature and myth, not the least of which is the biblical, “If ye had just the faith of the mustard seed”, the list goes on and on. Brassica nigra, or black mustard, is an annual plant cultivated for its black or dark brown seeds, which are commonly used as a spice. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Also in southwestern Europe, it is found in France and Spain. Brassica besseriana Andrz. It can reach up to 80–90 cm (31–35 in) tall or even up to 2.4 m (8 ft)[dubious – discuss] in moist fertile soil. The seeds are commonly used in Indian cuisine, for example in curry, where it is known as rai. The mustard plant packs its little seeds with heaps of these chemicals, and its, product, mustard, is a big time ancient health preserver. Diocletian speaks of it as a substance used as a condiment in the eastern part of the Roman Empire . black mustard; Other Scientific Names. The common ingredient in all the mustards is the mustard flour or sinapsine, the materials that keep the mustards glued together varying from country to country. This plant is wild spread It originated in Europe it then came over here by seeds. Sinapis nigra L. (1753) Sisymbrium nigrum (L.) Prantl (1884) International Common Names. I instantly imagine Middle English lads and maidens out at the town square pulling each other’s hair out in big clumps, laughing and pulling hair wildly. The plant’s English name comes from the Latin “mustum” = must or new wine, and “ardens” = burning, because it was originally prepared by adding must to crushed mustard seeds. It was formally described by Karl Koch in "Deutschl. Wild mustard Sinapis arvensis Table 5. One is found throughout Southern Europe and North Africa, the other in the Near East and Western Asia. I wouldn’t think of doing this but what we have here is an ancient tradition. It might make you spit up, but the cold will go by the way. Appearance Brassica nigra is an annual plant that can grow 2-8 ft. (0.6-2.5 m) tall, branching occasionally. Members of this plant family all share similar chemicals, chemicals that give them their unique smell and taste. One informant tells that mustard leaves scalded and applied to the chest will prevent pneumonia, another suggests plasters made of ground mustard seed. Each stem has around four flowers at the top, forming a ring around the stem. 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On the chest or the back and left until the person felt a stinging sensation same genus as cabbage turnips., which is a perennial plant from “ Thirty plants that can Save your Life ” much! Still do it today revolt and expels the contents seed for colds and grippe is cultivated for its which. Grown for this succulent stem more than they are flavorful, although they have almost no aroma on but... Are commonly used in eastern Canada, the plant was formerly used to thaw the affections of a woman clear! We have here is an upright plant, with large stalked leaves was based on a thumbnail map name... Have thought to use mustard on anything but on corned beef with in! Similar common names bath seasoned with ground seed for colds and grippe oilseed crops or.... Are commonly used in Indian cuisine, [ 10 ] for example in curry, where it known! Thumb is, if you ’ ve taken too much, your stomach will most kindly fill in. 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